Israel, the International Criminal Court & Universal Jurisdiction

Comparative Allegations of War Crimes


France Responds to Terrorist Threats

  • "France approves tough new anti-terror laws" BBC News, October 4, 2017
  • "French MPs to vote on tough anti-terror law" The Times of Israel, AFP, October 3, 2017
  • "Controversial French anti-terror bill clears hurdle" The Times of Israel, AFP, July 19, 2017
  • "Few Dissenting Voices as France Curbs Rights After Paris Attacks" New York Magazine, November 22, 2015
  • "State of Emergency, 'Jailing Jihadists,' Right-Wing Rallies: How France and 7 Other European Countries Are Responding to the Paris Attacks" New York Magazine, November 19, 2015
  • "Double Standard? French Police Fire 5,000 Bullets in Raid" Fox News, November 18, 2015
  • "No Mercy: France's Hollande Responds to Paris Attacks That Leave at Least 129 Dead" Fox News, November 14, 2015
  • "Paris Attacks Were 'Cowardly Act of War by ISIS Barbarians' Says France President Francois Hollande" The Mirror, November 14, 2015

Belgium Handles Terror Threat

  • "Belgian Security Measures Foreshadow New Normal for Europe" Voice of America, Jamie Dettmer, November 24, 2015
  • "Paris Attacks Investigation Continues as Belgium Remains on Lockdown" NBC News, Cassandra Vinograd and Jake Cigainero, November 24, 2015
  • "Police in Belgium Ask Public for Radio Silence on Social Media" Global News, Kevin Nielsen, November 22, 2015
  • "Belgian Police Arrest 16 in Terror Raids as High Threat Alert Continues for 2nd Day" ABC News, James Hill, Louise Dewast, Dean Schabner, and David Chiu, November 22, 2015
  • "Belgium Vows Extremism Crackdown, Boosts Security Forces" The Washington Post, Lorne Cook | AP, November 19, 2015

Saudi Arabia in Yemen

News and Articles

  • "Saudi Arabia threatens nations who back Yemen probe" Yahoo News, AFP, September 26, 2017
  • "Yemen: Doctors Without Borders says Saudi Airstrike on Hospital was 'Unjustified and Unprovoked'" International Business Times, September 27, 2016
  • "UK Criticized After Blocking Human Rights Council Inquiry into War Crimes in Yemen" The Independent, September 26, 2016
  • "Saudi Air Strike on MSF Hospital in Yemen Kills At Least 11" Reuters, August 16, 2016
  • "Saudi-Led Airstrikes on Yemen Food Factory Kill at Least 14 People" The Guardian, August 9, 2016
  • "Saudi Investigation Largely Defends Deadly Air Strikes in Yemen" Reuters, August 4, 2016
  • "Saudi Coalition Airstrike Kills 8 Civilians in Yemen" ABC News, June 21, 2016
  • "Dispute Ruptures Between U.N.'s Ban Ki-moon and Saudi Arabia," CNN, Richard Roth and Madison Park, June 10, 2016
  • "Report: Saudi Coalition Used US Bomb in Yemen Market Strike That Killed 119" ABC News, April 7, 2016
  • "Saudi-led Air Strikes Kill 41 Civilians in Yemen: Health Official" Reuters, March 15, 2016
  • "Nine Yemeni Students, Woman Killed in Saudi Airstrikes" Albawaba News, January 19, 2016
  • "MSF Hospital Bombing Amid Saudi-led Airstrikes in Yemen Prompts Outrage Over 'Worrying Pattern of Attacks to Essential Medical Services'" The Independent, Emma Henderson, January 10, 2016
  • "Yemen: U.N. Blames Saudi-Led Coalition for Most Attacks on Civilians" Newsweek, Reuters, December 23, 2015
  • "Saudi Arabia Accused of Bombing MSF Medical Facility in Yemen" The Independent, December 3, 2015
  • "Saudi-led Airstrikes on Yemen Wedding Kill More Than 100 Civilians" New York Post, AP, September 29, 2015
  • "Yemen Strikes, Israel, and Double Standards in the Middle East" The Wall Street Journal, Aaron David Miller, September 21, 2015
  • "The Human Carnage of Saudi Arabia's War in Yemen" Foreign Policy, Colum Lynch, August 26, 2015
  • ""Sea of Blood": Airstrike Hits Yemen Market, Killing Dozens of Civilians" CBS News, Mohammed Huwais, July 6, 2015
  • "Saudi-Led Airstrikes Killed 20 Yemeni Civilians this Week" AP, Ahmed Al-Haj, June 11, 2015
  • "Saudi Arabia Shelling Hits Yemen Aid Office, Kills 5 Refugees, Injures 10" IB Times, Aditya Tejas, May 21, 2015

UN-related Action

  • Resolution submitted by Egypt (on behalf of the Group of Arab States), "Human rights, technical assistance and capacity-building in Yemen" A/HRC/RES/36/31, Agenda Item 10, Human Rights Council, September 29, 2017
  • Draft resolution submitted by Belgium, Canada, Ireland, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, "Human rights situation in Yemen," A/HRC/36/L.4, Agenda Item 2 - Withdrawn, Human Rights Council, September 28, 2017
  • Final report of the Panel of Experts on Yemen established pursuant to Security Council resolution 2226 (2016), S/2017/81, January 11, 2017
  • "U.N. Fails to Agree on Independent Inquiry of Human Rights Abuses in Yemen" The Huffington Post, Willa Frej, September 30, 2016
  • Resolution submitted by Sudan (on behalf of the Group of Arab States), "Technical assistance and capacity-building for Yemen in the field of human rights," A/HRC/RES/33/16, Agenda Item 10, Human Rights Council, September 29, 2016
  • Draft resolution submitted by Slovakia (on behalf of the European Union), "Human rights situation in Yemen," A/HRC/33/L.32, Agenda Item 2 - Withdrawn, Human Rights Council, September 23, 2016
  • Situation of human rights in Yemen, Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, A/HRC/30/31, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, August 4, 2016
  • Statement Attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Annual Report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict, June 8, 2016
  • Children and armed conflict, Report of the Secretary-General, Addendum A/70/836/Add.1–S/2016/360/Add.1, June 6, 2016 (removing Saudi Arabia-led coalition from List of parties that recruit or use children, kill or maim children, commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children, or engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals, or abduct children in situations of armed conflict on the agenda of the Security Council)
  • Children and armed conflict, Report of the Secretary-General, A/70/836–S/2016/360, May 27, 2016 (including Saudi Arabia-led coalition in List of parties that recruit or use children, kill or maim children, commit rape and other forms of sexual violence against children, or engage in attacks on schools and/or hospitals, or abduct children in situations of armed conflict on the agenda of the Security Council)
  • Final report of the Panel of Experts on Yemen established pursuant to Security Council resolution 2140 (2014), S/2016/73, January 22, 2016
  • Statement by the High Commissioner for Human Rights to the United Nations Security Council on Yemen, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, December 22, 2015
  • Resolution submitted by Saudi Arabia (on behalf of the Group of Arab States), "Technical assistance and capacity-building for Yemen in the field of human rights," A/HRC/RES/30/18, Agenda Item 10, Human Rights Council, September 30, 2015
  • Draft resolution submitted by The Netherlands, "Situation of human rights in Yemen," A/HRC/30/L.4/Rev.1, Agenda Item 2 - Withdrawn, Human Rights Council, September 30, 2015
  • Opening remarks by Ms. Flavia Pansieri, Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights, Introduction to country reports of the Secretary-General and the High Commissioner under items 2 and 10, United Nations Human Rights Council, September 30, 2015
  • Draft resolution submitted by The Netherlands, "Situation of human rights in Yemen," A/HRC/30/L.4, Agenda Item 2 - Obsolete, Human Rights Council. September 24, 2015
  • Draft resolution submitted by Saudi Arabia (on behalf of the Group of Arab States), "Technical assistance and capacity-building for Yemen in the field of human rights," A/HRC/30/L.1, Agenda Item 10 - Obsolete, Human Rights Council, September 21, 2015
  • Situation of human rights in Yemen, Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, A/HRC/30/31, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, September 7, 2015

Russians in Syria

News and Articles

  • "Activists: At least 17 killed in east Syria airstrikes" AP, September 11, 2017
  • "Ignoring UN, Russia and Assad Continue Syrian Chemical Weapons and Bombing Attacks Labeled War Crimes" Fox News, George Russell, March 6, 2017
  • "Two Aleppo Hospitals Bombed Out of Service in 'Catastrophic' Airstrikes" The Guardian, September 28, 2016
  • "Russia & Syria Kill 140 Civilians in Aleppo Since Thursday, Russia Accused of War Crimes" Yahoo News, September 26, 2016
  • "Syria and Russia Appear Ready to Scorch Aleppo" The Guardian, September 21, 2016
  • "6 Hospitals Bombed Around Aleppo, Syria, in 1 Week: Rights Group" NBC News, August 4, 2016
  • "Russian Jets Strike Syrian Refugee Camp, Kill At Least 12" Reuters, July 13, 2016
  • "Syria Strike: Russia Unleashes Lethal Aerial Arsenal on Aleppo" The Australian, Hannah Lucinda Smith, Catherine Philp, June 23, 2016
  • "Russia Accused of Slaughtering Kids in Syria Hospital Airstrikes" The New York Post, AP, May 31, 2016
  • "At Least 23 Civilians Killed as Russian Airstrikes Pummel Three Hospitals, Including Syrian Doctors Without Borders Clinic" New York Daily News, Reuters, February 15, 2016
  • "Russian airstrikes kill 1400 including 527 children and women" Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, January 31, 2016
  • "Russian Raids Kill 54 Syrian Civilians: Monitor" Yahoo News, AFP, January 28, 2016
  • "Russian Strikes on East Syrian Town Kill 63, Including 9 Children: Monitor" Yahoo News, January 24, 2016
  • "Russian Airstrikes in Syria have 'Killed More Than 1,000 Civilians'" The Guardian, AFP, January 20, 2016
  • "Syrian opposition faction: Russia is bombing civilians, not ISIS" The Jerusalem Post, Maayan Groisman, January 19, 2016
  • "12 Children Dead After Russia Strike Hits Syria School: Monitor" Yahoo News, AFP, January 11, 2016
  • "Amnesty Says Russian Bombing of Syria May Be a War Crime" Yahoo News, Maria Tsvetkova/Reuters, December 23, 2015
  • "Russian Airstrikes in Syria Blamed for Scores of Civilian Deaths" The Washington Post, Hugh Naylor, December 20, 2015
  • "The Russians, Like Assad, are Committing War Crimes" Now., Haid Haid, November 24, 2015
  • "Russian Air Strikes in Syria 'Have Killed 97 Children', Monitoring Group Says" The Independent, November 23, 2015
  • "Russian Strikes in Syria Killed More Civilians Than Fighters: Monitor" i24news, November 21, 2015
  • "The Civilian Toll of Russia's Bombing Campaign" The Atlantic, Adam Chandler, October 20, 2015
  • "Report: Russian Cluster Bombs Used in Syria" Breitbart, Mary Chastain, October 12, 2015
  • "Russian Warplanes Strike Medical Facilities in Syria" Physicians for Human Rights, October 7, 2015
  • "Russia Is Bombing Ambulances in Syria" The Daily Beast, Michael Weiss, October 6, 2015
  • "Russia Condemned For Bombing Civilians In Syria" Sky News, October 3, 2015
  • "Syria Group Says Russian Strikes Kill 36 Civilians" Times of Israel, AP, October 1, 2015
  • "Russian Airstrike in Syria Targeted CIA-Backed Rebels, U.S. Officials Say" Wall Street Journal, Dion Nissenbaum, September 30, 2015

UN-related Action

  • "Former French judge to head UN body to probe Syria crimes" The Washington Post, Edith M. Lederer, AP, July 5, 2017
  • Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, UN Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, A/HRC/34/64, February 2, 2017
  • Statement by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein: Aleppo Disaster Demands Bold Action, Including Limiting Use of Security Council Veto Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, October 4, 2016
  • Secretary-General's briefing to the Security Council Debate on Protection of Civilians: Healthcare in Armed Conflict [discussing bombing of hospitals and medical service providers in Syria] Office of the Secretary-General, September 28, 2016
  • "U.N. War Crimes Team Will Not Investigate Foreign Air Strikes in Syria - Chairman" Reuters, Sebastien Malo, December 16, 2015
  • Informal comments to the media by H.E. Mr.Sergey Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs (Russian Federation) and H.E. Mr. John Kerry (United States of America Secretary of State) on the situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, UN WebTV, September 30, 2015

USA in Afghanistan

News and Articles

  • "ICC: new information delays decision on Afghan war crimes investigation" Reuters, Stephanie van den Berg, July 5, 2017
  • "ICC 'following' evidence on Afghanistan war crimes claims" BBC, July 3, 2017
  • "US Options for Responding to ICC Scrutiny in Afghanistan" Lawfare, David Bosco, February 23, 2017
  • "US Central Command Summary Memo of the Airstrike on the MSF Trauma Center in Kunduz, Afghanistan on October 3, 2015; Investigation and Follow-On Actions" US Department of Defense, April 29, 2016
  • "Part 1 of Investigation Report on the Airstrike on the MSF Trauma Center in Kunduz, Afghanistan on October 3, 2015" US Department of Defense, April 29, 2016
  • "Part 2 of Investigation Report on the Airstrike on the MSF Trauma Center in Kunduz, Afghanistan on October 3, 2015" US Department of Defense, April 29, 2016
  • "Part 3 of Investigation Report on the Airstrike on the MSF Trauma Center in Kunduz, Afghanistan on October 3, 2015" US Department of Defense, April 29, 2016
  • "Part 4 of Investigation Report on the Airstrike on the MSF Trauma Center in Kunduz, Afghanistan on October 3, 2015" US Department of Defense, April 29, 2016
  • "Part 5 of Investigation Report on the Airstrike on the MSF Trauma Center in Kunduz, Afghanistan on October 3, 2015" US Department of Defense, April 29, 2016
  • "Statement by Secretary of Defense Ash Carter on the Kunduz Investigation Report" US Department of Defense, April 29, 2016
  • "Washington and Kabul Stand in the Way of International Probe Into Kunduz Attack" Foreign Policy, Siobhán O'Grady, October 14, 2015
  • "Afghan Hospital Bombing: MSF Demands Investigation Under Geneva Conventions" The Guardian, Mark Tran and Julian Borger, October 7, 2015
  • "Obama Apologizes for Airstrike on Afghan Hospital" Wall Street Journal, Carol E. Lee & Felicia Schwartz, October 7, 2015
  • "Little Chance That Kunduz Hospital Bombers Will End Up in Court" The Irish Times, Peter Cluskey, October 6, 2015
  • "UN to Hold Off On Separate Afghan Bombing Probe for Now" The Jerusalem Post, Reuters, October 6, 2015
  • "Was Kunduz Attack A War Crime? Legal Analysts Say It's Difficult To Prove" NPR, Michele Kelemen, October 6, 2015
  • "State Department Deputy Spokesman on U.S. Bombing Afghanistan Hospital" State Department, Mark C. Toner, October 5, 2015

UN-related Action

ICC-related Action

  • "Decision assigning the situation in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan," ICC-01/17-1, International Criminal Court, November 3, 2017
  • "Statement of ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, regarding her decision to request judicial authorisation to commence an investigation into the Situation in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan," International Criminal Court, November 3, 2017