The United Nations and BDS (Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions): Modern Antisemitism

UN Security Council

Resolution 2334

  • December 23, 2016:

    The Security Council,

    Reaffirming
    its relevant resolutions, including resolutions 242 (1967), 338 (1973), 446 (1979), 452 (1979), 465 (1980), 476 (1980), 478 (1980), 1397 (2002), 1515 (2003), and 1850 (2008),

    Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and reaffirming, inter alia, the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force,

    Reaffirming the obligation of Israel, the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by its legal obligations and responsibilities under the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, and recalling the advisory opinion rendered on 9 July 2004 by the International Court of Justice,

    Condemning all measures aimed at altering the demographic composition, character and status of the Palestinian Territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, including, inter alia, the construction and expansion of settlements, transfer of Israeli settlers, confiscation of land, demolition of homes and displacement of Palestinian civilians, in violation of international humanitarian law and relevant resolutions,

    Expressing grave concern that continuing Israeli settlement activities are dangerously imperilling the viability of the two-State solution based on the 1967 lines,

    Recalling the obligation under the Quartet Roadmap, endorsed by its resolution 1515 (2003), for a freeze by Israel of all settlement activity, including "natural growth", and the dismantlement of all settlement outposts erected since March 2001,

    Recalling also the obligation under the Quartet roadmap for the Palestinian Authority Security Forces to maintain effective operations aimed at confronting all those engaged in terror and dismantling terrorist capabilities, including the confiscation of illegal weapons,

    Condemning all acts of violence against civilians, including acts of terror, as well as all acts of provocation, incitement and destruction,

    Reiterating its vision of a region where two democratic States, Israel and Palestine, live side by side in peace within secure and recognized borders,

    Stressing that the status quo is not sustainable and that significant steps, consistent with the transition contemplated by prior agreements, are urgently needed in order to (i) stabilize the situation and to reverse negative trends on the ground, which are steadily eroding the two-State solution and entrenching a one-State reality, and (ii) to create the conditions for successful final status negotiations and for advancing the two-State solution through those negotiations and on the ground,

    1. Reaffirms that the establishment by Israel of settlements in the Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, has no legal validity and constitutes a flagrant violation under international law and a major obstacle to the achievement of the two-State solution and a just, lasting and comprehensive peace;

    2. Reiterates its demand that Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, and that it fully respect all of its legal obligations in this regard;

    3. Underlines that it will not recognize any changes to the 4 June 1967 lines, including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those agreed by the parties through negotiations;

    4. Stresses that the cessation of all Israeli settlement activities is essential for salvaging the two-State solution, and calls for affirmative steps to be taken immediately to reverse the negative trends on the ground that are imperilling the two-State solution;

    5. Calls upon all States, bearing in mind paragraph 1 of this resolution, to distinguish, in their relevant dealings, between the territory of the State of Israel and the territories occupied since 1967;

    6. Calls for immediate steps to prevent all acts of violence against civilians, including acts of terror, as well as all acts of provocation and destruction, calls for accountability in this regard, and calls for compliance with obligations under international law for the strengthening of ongoing efforts to combat terrorism, including through existing security coordination, and to clearly condemn all acts of terrorism;

    7. Calls upon both parties to act on the basis of international law, including international humanitarian law, and their previous agreements and obligations, to observe calm and restraint, and to refrain from provocative actions, incitement and inflammatory rhetoric, with the aim, inter alia, of de-escalating the situation on the ground, rebuilding trust and confidence, demonstrating through policies and actions a genuine commitment to the two-State solution, and creating the conditions necessary for promoting peace;

    8. Calls upon all parties to continue, in the interest of the promotion of peace and security, to exert collective efforts to launch credible negotiations on all final status issues in the Middle East peace process and within the time frame specified by the Quartet in its statement of 21 September 2010;

    9. Urges in this regard the intensification and acceleration of international and regional diplomatic efforts and support aimed at achieving, without delay a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East on the basis of the relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid terms of reference, including the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative and the Quartet Roadmap and an end to the Israeli occupation that began in 1967; and underscores in this regard the importance of the ongoing efforts to advance the Arab Peace Initiative, the initiative of France for the convening of an international peace conference, the recent efforts of the Quartet, as well as the efforts of Egypt and the Russian Federation;

    10. Confirms its determination to support the parties throughout the negotiations and in the implementation of an agreement;

    11. Reaffirms its determination to examine practical ways and means to secure the full implementation of its relevant resolutions;

    12. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council every three months on the implementation of the provisions of the present resolution;

    13. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Report Under Resolution 2334

  • March 24, 2017: First Report, on Behalf of the Secretary-General, on the Implementation of Resolution 2334

    "Today I devote my regular briefing to the Council on the Situation in the Middle East to reporting, on behalf of the Secretary-General, on the implementation of resolution 2334.

    In this first report, I will focus on developments on the ground in accordance with the provisions of the resolution, including on regional and international efforts to advocate and advance the peace process...

    During the reporting period there have been no developments related to Member States' distinguishing, in their relevant dealings, between the territory of the State of Israel and the territories occupied in 1967...

    Settlement expansion undermines the very essence of the two state solution. Resolution 2334 states that the international community will not recognize any changes to the 4 June 1967 lines, including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those changes that are agreed by the parties through negotiations..."

Other Resolutions

  • August 20, 1980: UN Security Council Resolution, "Territories occupied by Israel," S/RES/478(1980)

    "The Security Council,
    ...
    1. Censures in the strongest terms the enactment by Israel of the 'basic law' on Jerusalem and the refusal to comply with relevant Security Council resolutions;
    ...
    5. Decides not to recognize the "basic law" and such other actions by Israel that, as a result of this law, seek to alter the character and status of Jerusalem and calls upon: (a) All Member States to accept this decision; (b) Those States that have established diplomatic missions at Jerusalem to withdraw such missions from the Holy City;"

    Adopted by a vote of 14 in favor, 0 against, 1 abstention (U.S.)

  • March 1, 1980: UN Security Council Resolution, "Territories occupied by Israel," S/RES/465(1980)

    "The Security Council,
    ...
    7. Calls upon all States not to provide Israel with any assistance to be used specifically in connexion with settlements in the occupied territories;"

    Adopted by a vote of 14 in favor, 0 against, 1 abstention (U.S.)

Statements

  • December 16, 2016. Malaysia (Dato' Ramlan Ibrahim, Permanent Representative) at the 7839th meeting of the Security Council

    "The Council has a moral, legal and political responsibility to end Israel's repressive occupation and sanction its settlement activities, apartheid policies and gross violations of human rights, as well as to ensure accountability and support the fundamental right to self-determination."

  • October 16, 2016. Afghanistan (Mahmoud Saikal, Vice-Chair of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People) at the 7792nd meeting of the Security Council

    "The Committee underscores the responsibility of States and private entities to not contribute to Israeli violations of Palestinian human rights, particularly as it relates to settlements in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, in line with their obligations under international law."

  • July 12, 2016. Bangladesh (AK Abdul Momen, Permanent Representative) at the 7736th meeting of the Security Council

    "In the absence of any international accountability or sanctions, the occupying Power continues to kill Palestinian citizens, especially youth and children, imprisoning and abusing scores of Palestinians in its detention centres and injuring and displacing thousands of Palestinian families through its construction and expansion of illegal settlements."

  • April 18, 2016. Saudi Arabia (Abdallah Yahya A. Al-Mouallimi, Permanent Representative) at the 7673rd meeting of the Security Council

    "Israel persists in challenging international legitimacy, with no fear of sanctions or accountability. We have called on the Council again and again to compel Israel to end its war crimes and its violations of human rights, which it has been perpetrating despite the unanimity in the international community on the illegitimacy of Israel's colonialist policies and arbitrary practices against the Palestinian people."

  • April 18, 2016. Bangladesh (AK Abdul Momen, Permanent Representative) at the 7673rd meeting of the Security Council

    "In the absence of any international accountability or sanctions, the occupying Power continues to kill Palestinian citizens, especially youth and children, imprisoning and abusing scores of Palestinians in its detention centres and injuring and displacing thousands of Palestinian families through its construction and expansion of illegal settlements."

  • April 18, 2016. Indonesia (Dian Triansyah Djani, Permanent Representative) at the 7673rd meeting of the Security Council

    "Indeed, last month, the fifth Extraordinary Summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, hosted by the Government of Indonesia, drew the attention of the international community to the urgency of attaining a comprehensive, just and lasting solution to the question of Palestine. The Summit also called on the international community to support the boycott of products produced in or by the illegal Israeli settlements."

  • January 26, 2016. Turkey (Yaşar Halit Çevik, Permanent Representative) at the 7610th meeting of the Security Council

    "The recent decision by the European Union with regard to labelling products from the settlements and the raising of the Palestinian flag at United Nations Headquarters are steps in the right direction."

  • January 26, 2016. Malaysia (Dato' Ramlan Ibrahim, Permanent Representative) at the 7610th meeting of the Security Council

    "The international community should also pursue all legal, diplomatic and economic channels to step up its pressure on the Israeli Government and make it too costly for Israel to continue with its illegal settlement policy."

  • January 26, 2016. Saudi Arabia (Abdallah Yahya A. Al-Mouallimi, Permanent Representative) at the 7610th meeting of the Security Council

    "Israel continues to defy the will of the international community. It continues to build the wall of separation. It also continues to exploit the resources of the occupied Arab Golan and engage in the illegal trade of Israeli settlers' goods and produce coming from occupied Palestinian and Arab lands, in brazen and fearless violation of the International Court of Justice and various United Nations resolutions."

  • July 23, 2015. European Union (Carl Hallergard, Chargé d'Affaires) at the 7490th meeting of the Security Council

    "The EU and its member States reaffirm their commitment to ensuring the continued, full and effective implementation of existing EU legislation and bilateral arrangements applicable to settlement products. We express our commitment to ensure that, in line with international law, all agreements between the State of Israel and the EU must unequivocally and explicitly indicate their inapplicability to the territories occupied by Israel in 1967."

  • July 22, 2014. Bolivia (Sacha Sergio Llorentty Solíz, Permanent Representative) at the 7222nd meeting of the Security Council

    "The Council has the power to stop that, and it does not do it. It does not impose sanctions against Israel... We call for a sanctions regime against Israel."

  • July 22, 2014. Egypt (Mootaz Ahmadein Khalil, Permanent Representative) at the 7222nd meeting of the Security Council

    "Egypt therefore commends the recent warnings issued by more than a dozen European countries about the possible repercussions of investment in entities involved in settlement activities. We believe that such moves, in addition to the steps taken by civil society to divest from activities directly linked to the occupation or to grave breaches of international law, such as the decision taken by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to divest from a British company linked to the Israeli prison system, can contribute to convincing Israel that occupation has a price."

  • April 29, 2014. Egypt (Mootaz Ahmadein Khalil, Permanent Representative) at the 7164th meeting of the Security Council

    "Israel does all that yet expects the international community to support such acts or at least to remain silent. The Israeli Government has been very upset by the European Union guidelines on boycotting settlements and refusing to do business with institutions that support or fund settlement activities. It continues to try to encourage investment in Israel. We praise the international community and companies that have developed strategies to put an end to settlement activities."

  • April 29, 2014. Saudi Arabia (Abdallah Yahya A. Al-Mouallimi, Permanent Representative) at the 7164th meeting of the Security Council

    "We call for the complete lifting of the siege against Gaza and for measures to ensure a boycott of all products coming from Israeli settlements."

  • October 22, 2013. Egypt (Mootaz Ahmadein Khalil, Permanent Representative) at the 7047th meeting of the Security Council

    "We condemn its illegal activities and invite the international community resolutely to end them, including through the imposition of sanctions on Israeli settlements in line with the measures undertaken by a number of international stakeholders, including the European Union, whose guidelines will enter into force at the beginning of next year. We warn against any attempts to circumvent those sanctions."

  • October 22, 2013. Malaysia (Hussein Haniff, Permanent Representative) at the 7047th meeting of the Security Council

    "My delegation reiterates our strong objections to Israel's pillaging and profiteering from the illegal exploitation of occupied territories, including the geological surveys recently concluded by a United States-Israeli company on oil deposits in the southern half of the occupied Syrian Golan."

  • July 23, 2013. Malaysia (Hussein Haniff, Permanent Representative) at the 7007th meeting of the Security Council

    "My delegation also commends the European Union for its recently announced European Commission guidelines, which backs up its position and political commitments with effective sanctions against Israeli settlement practices."

  • July 23, 2013. South Africa (Malibongwe Mcakuvana, Second Secretary) at the 7007th meeting of the Security Council

    "We welcome the decision of the European Union (EU) to put pressure on Israel by publishing new guidelines banning the Union's funding for entities linked to settlements or territories occupied since the 1967 war. As is well known, that decision is in line with the EU's position on settlements and should be a clear sign to Israel that settlements are not just illegal but can also attract retributive actions from law-abiding nations and organizations. We hope that other countries and organizations will also consider applying pressure on Israel so as to coerce it to abandon its regressive policy of settlement construction."

  • July 23, 2013. Qatar (Alya bint Ahmed Al-Thani, Permanent Representative) at the 7007th meeting of the Security Council

    "In this context, we welcome the recent decision of the European Union (EU) to withhold financial assistance from Israeli organizations that are active in the occupied Palestinian territories and not to recognize any changes in the pre-1967 borders."

  • April 24, 2013. Syria (Bashar Ja'afari, Permanent Representative) at the 6950th meeting of the Security Council

    "The number of settlements has gone up 189 per cent. Paradoxically, there has been no international response to deter Israel. Israel has been spared the sort of military and economic sanctions that are imposed on others, even though everyone is agreed that settlement building is illegal and an obstacle to peace...But the paradox is that none of the threats and sanctions imposed or pressure exerted on certain States, particularly those that have peaceful nuclear programmes in conformity with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, have been applied to Israel, despite the danger that Israel's weapons represent for the region and for the world."

  • October 15, 2012. Lebanon (Nawaf Salam, Permanent Representative) at the 6847th meeting of the Security Council

    "The Security Council has dramatically failed to respond in any tangible manner to the offences it has voted to address, namely, the targeting of civilians in armed conflict, particularly Palestinian women and children, and the deliberate obstruction of humanitarian assistance, let alone even considering sanctions against the perpetrator - Israel, the occupying Power."

  • July 21, 2010. Venezuela (Valero Briceno, Permanent Representative) at the 6363rd meeting of the Security Council

    "The failure of the Israeli Government to comply with the resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly must be addressed by this Council, including through the possible adoption of sanctions to persuade the Israeli political and military elite of their obligations to comply with the rules and principles of international law enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and other international instruments in order to achieve a solid and lasting peace in the Middle East."

  • July 27, 2009. Ecuador (Maria Fernanda Espinosa, Permanent Representative) at the 6171st meeting of the Security Council

    "It is regrettable to note that...[n]or have there been any specific sanctions as a result of investigations carried out by competent United Nations bodies into 'the grave human rights violations committed in the occupied Palestine territories', especially during last January's attacks."

  • March 25, 2009. Nicaragua (Maria Rubiales de Chamorro, Permanent Representative) at the 6100th meeting of the Security Council

    "Is there any other example in today's world of an invading occupying country being able to settle more than half a million colonists on the territory of the occupied country without being sanctioned even once by society, as represented in the United Nations?"